What defines a Criminal Record in Kentucky?
A criminal record is an official document that records a person’s criminal history. The information is assembled from local, county and state jurisdictions as well as trial courts, courts of appeals and county and state correctional facilities.
While the standard for criminal record collection and storage varies from county to county, a large percentage of Kentucky criminal records are organized in online record depositories that are available to the public in the form of a Criminal Background Report. This report is accessed through a number of courts, police departments, and the official Kentucky State Records Online Database.
The amount of criminal records information presented on StateRecords.org varies from person to person. This is because different sources often have non-standardized state level protocols, storage classifications, requirements, organization and digitization processes for data collection. Criminal records in the state of Kentucky generally include the following subjects:
Kentucky Arrest Records
An arrest record is an official document providing information about a person that is questioned, apprehended, taken into custody, or placed in detention. It may also include information about persons held for investigation and/or charged with, indicted or tried for any felony, misdemeanor or other offense by any law enforcement or military authority. In Kentucky, an arrest can result in someone being cited—or ticketed—by a law enforcement officer, a private person or being booked into county jail.
Kentucky Arrest Warrants
An arrest warrant is an official document signed and issued by a judge or magistrate on behalf of the local and state jurisdictions. It authorizes a police officer to arrest or detain the person or people named in the warrant or to search and seize the individual’s property. In Kentucky, the police can arrest a person for committing a crime even without a warrant. In most cases, this occurs when the person commits the crime in an officer’s presence or the officer has a reasonable cause to believe the offender is guilty.
A misdemeanor is a non-indictable offense that is generally less severe than felonies. However, like felonies, a misdemeanor charge is classified by a number-based system designed to describe the severity of the alleged crime. In Kentucky, misdemeanors are crimes that are punishable by up to 12 months in the county or local jail. Misdemeanors are designated as Class A or B (less serious than Class A).
- Class A misdemeanors are punishable by 90 days to 12 months in jail and a fine of up to $500
- Class B misdemeanors are punishable by up to 90 days’ penalty
A felony offense is a criminal conviction with a maximum sentence of more than 1 year, which is served in a county jail or state prison. In some cases, a felony conviction can even be punished by death. Kentucky law designates felonies as capital offenses or Class A, B, C, or D felonies. Murder is a capital offense. Capital offenses are punishable by death, life without parole, 25 years to life in prison, or 0 to 50 years’ imprisonment.
Kentucky Sex Offender Listing
A sex offender listing
is a registry of persons convicted of committing a sex crime that is often accessible by the public. In most cases, jurisdictions compile their laws into sections, such as traffic, assault and sexual. Judges are given discretion as to whether they need registration for crimes besides the charges listed under the sex offender registration law. Kentucky has specific laws against rape, sodomy, sexual abuse, and sexual misconduct. Together, these laws criminalize sexual battery (sexual activity by force or without the other person’s consent). Rape is viewed by Kentucky law as a first-degree felony.
Kentucky Serious Traffic Violation
A serious traffic violation tends to involve willful disregard for public safety, death, serious bodily injury, damage to property and multiple minor traffic violations. Traffic ticket fines and court fees in Kentucky vary by offense and district court. After you're convicted of a traffic violation in Kentucky, points are added to your driving record. These points will stay on your record for 2 years and can result in a suspension of the driving license.
Kentucky Conviction Records
A conviction record is an official document providing information that a person was found guilty, pleaded guilty or pleaded no contest against criminal charges in a civilian or military court. The criminal charges may be classified as a felony, misdemeanor or other offense. Conviction also includes when a person is delinquent, honorably discharged or placed on probation, fined, imprisoned or paroled. A criminal conviction is rendered by either a jury of peers or a judge in a court of law. A conviction does not include a final judgment deleted by a pardon, set aside, reversed or otherwise rendered inoperative.se in your car insurance rates.
Kentucky Jail and Inmate Records
Jail and inmate records are official documents of information about a person’s current and sometimes past inmate status. A person who is in jail or considered an inmate is someone deprived of his/her civil liberties while on trial for a crime, or a person serving a sentence after being convicted of a crime. Like most states, Kentucky has a Department of Corrections
, which maintains an inmate database that contains information like the inmate’s name, incarceration date, expected release date, convicted offense and sometimes photos.
Kentucky Parole Information
Parole records are an official document that includes information about the release of a prisoner who agreed to certain conditions before completion of their maximum sentence. While the prisoner is on supervised parole, the board requires, as a condition of parole, that the parolee pays a monthly supervision fee of not less than $30, unless the board agrees to accept a lower fee after determining the inability of the prisoner to pay. The board may also impose any conditions of parole it deems right to make sure the best interests of the prisoner and the citizens of Kentucky are served.
Kentucky Probation Records
Probation records are official documents that show when a person receives probation as an alternative to prison. Probation allows people convicted of a crime in Kentucky to serve their sentences out of custody, as long as they follow probation conditions imposed by the judge and probation officer. Probation is issued in proportion to the crime, so the length and nature of probation may differ (sometimes drastically) from case to case. Probation typically falls into three categories: minimally supervised, supervised and intensive. Intensive probation is a form of very strict probation that has conditions that vary from state to state but that emphasize punishment and control of the offender within the community.
Kentucky Juvenile Criminal Records
A juvenile criminal record is an official record of information about criminal activity committed by children or adolescents who are not yet of legal adult age. Juveniles are not convicted of a crime like an adult but instead, are found to be “adjudicated delinquent”. These criminal records are often thought to be erased or expunged once a person becomes of legal adult age, but in fact, the record remains unless the person petitions to have it expunged. If a person was found adjudicated delinquent to a criminal offense, they do not have to respond “yes” if asked whether they have ever been convicted of a crime, unless the question specifically asks if they were ever adjudicated delinquent as well.
Kentucky History and Accuracy of Criminal Records
The accuracy of the data of criminal records depends on the recordkeeping and technological capabilities of the jurisdiction where the record was assembled and later digitized. Kentucky criminal records archives usually tend to go back as far as the 1970s, when criminal and arrest data were first centralized and compiled into an organized database much like we use today. Accuracy was more commonly affected by a human error in the past. However, by the 1990s the quality and accuracy of record keeping improved exponentially due to the advent of the computer. As a result of this, the information provides on StateRecords.org will vary from person to person.
Kentucky Megan’s Law
Megan's Law is the term for state laws that create and keep up a sex offender registry, which provides information on registered sex offenders to the public. The first Megan's Law appeared after the rape and murder of 7-year-old New Jersey resident Megan Kanka by a sex offender who lived in the girl's own neighborhood. Soon after passage of this first Megan's Law, the federal government implemented a law, requiring all states to set up sex offender registries offering the public with information about those registered. People convicted of sexual abuse, rape, and sodomy are required to register as sex offenders in Kentucky.